Radical Claims in Freudian Psychoanalysis: Point/Counterpoint
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The Other's castration concerns to an opaque spot in his knowledge.
The missing point on the knowledge of the Other introduces the subject's always traumatic meeting with the puzzle of desire of the Other that launches the separation operation which is one of the two operations of the subject's constitution in the fields of the Other [ 16 ] and [ 17 ]. But such approach overpasses the limit of the current article. Those blanks are resistant to the glue effect: what would be the reason that the adult Other tells me that?
The Epistemological Foundations of Freud’s Energetics Model
The desire of the Other is beyond or above what the Other says just as what the child understands as a meaning. It is important to say that the knowledge Lacan talks about, is an unconscious one. So, the possibility of appeasing the excess of embarrassment felt by the infant that faces the puzzle of the desire of the Other - a puzzle quite frequently found on the frames of ADHD - and the following possibility of the learning act and of the joy feeling that comes from the learning process, only takes place by the missing meeting with the inconsistency on the Other [ 20 ] which is introduced by his enigmatic desire.
Still, moored at [ 19 ], it is a good time to point out something that was already mentioned, namely, the aforesaid structural inhibition of the sexual curiosity on children can be read on the always traumatic meeting between the child and the hiatus on the knowledge of the Other. As a corollary, it is found as a legitimate possibility of this approach: the possibility to read the relation of structural sexual inhibition and the access to the cognitive development based on the relation between the missing meeting with the inconsistent knowledge in the Other and the learning act.
Such approach is a legitimate possibility, in the sense that the sustainability, before the hiding of the missing point on the knowledge of the Other  - , causes the repositioning of the subject facing the Ideal. Ideal that, according to [ 23 ] and [ 24 ], as already said, hides the hiatus on the knowledge of the Other.
Such repositioning of the child facing the Other extremely idealized, holds a subversive relation of child and knowledge on the learning process. After this analysis, it is possible to go back to the question based on a psychoanalytic view, regarding the cause of Attention - Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and to argue that the cause of these symptoms inattention and hyperactivity is paradoxically the cause of the desire of the Other  - hided, imaginatively covered because the extreme anguish launched by the object of desire of the Other.
This is just one more way of saying that in regard to the cause of the symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity which obstructs the act of learning and the joy feeling that comes from the learning process, we can, frequently, verify an excessive embarrassment of the subject that suffers from these symptoms with the opacity point on the knowledge of the Other closely connected to his enigmatic desire.
But, even if the symptoms are kept this way, the children do not receive peacefully the difficulties of the family couple. And, according to this point, even though the present section is concerned with the psychoanalytic view of symptoms on inattention and hyperactivity, regarding a logical rhythm which is privileged in this article and not a chronological one, again, it is impossible to stay away from doing an insertion in the psychiatric scenario to present a psychoanalytic counterpoint, aiming to walk forward on this theme. Inside psychiatry, [ 28 - 31 ], determined to demonstrate the legitimacy of the medical concept of mental illness and to find a criteria of diagnosis, effective enough to avoid mean practices and abusive mistakes on the psychiatric practices that anti-psychiatrists had the merit of denouncing, introduces an approach of mental illness in which the demarcation criterion to distinguish the latter from other conditions is based in a medical and philosophic interface.
Fulford argues that the mentioned demarcation criterion is the failure of intentions and actions, and, because of that, a breakdown of rationality is seen. According to his argument, exemption of responsibility is a logical consequence and an ethical practice on the mental illness once the subject that suffers from mental illness presents a disturbance on the harmony between intention and action. After Fulford, the debate about exemption of responsibility by psychiatry and philosophy got fresh air, because he got the ward of introducing an intermediate approach inside the rusted and foreseeable debate between orthodox psychiatrists and anti-psychiatrists, welcoming the criticisms from the anti-psychiatrists, but sustaining the legitimacy of the medical concept of mental illness.
The question would be answered if we agree with the approach developed by Fulford on intention restricted by the imaginary dimension, that is conscious, apprehensible, cognitive and transparent in itself. However, the question gets even more complicated, once psychoanalysis has a lot more to say about the intentional acts and the responsibility.
Not in the registers of a transparent knowledge to itself which is the conscious knowledge, but of an unconscious knowledge that does not aware of itself. Even though it is not aware of itself, the subject suffers from its effects. Since the beginning of his clinical experiences, Freud sustained an ethical position regarding unconscious intention and responsibility of his hysterical patients' psychopathologies. However, it is important to restrict the elements of intention and responsibility in this discussion, to the symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity.
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Even if the psychoanalytic approach does not eliminate the psychic determinism dimension on the structural submission of the subject's desire to the desire of the Other [ 16 ] and[ 17 ], there is a possibility of questioning, in a certain level, this submission, in a sense that there can be a range of freedom introduced by the desire in its separating function, and not just a pure psychic determinism [ 16 ] and [ 17 ]. The psychoanalyst would believes that he or she have nothing to do with it. He must support a non totalizing dimension of knowledge in the Other facing the demand of an knowledge that was idealized in this psychoanalyst, by the subject.
After placing this short psychoanalytic approach on symptoms in general terms, we will argue that in relation to the symptoms of lack of attention and hyperactivity, it is possible to see, quite often, on these frames, a regular fail on the father function that operates a necessary distance between mother and offspring. According to [ 38 ] apud [ 26 ]  - , the agitation comes to be put in the spot of this missing distance, on these frames, between the offspring and the mother.
Such problematic dimension seems based in a logical thought that intends to privilege the reference given by Frege in his text: On the sense and the reference. Thus, equality concerns to reference. This logical writing about difference also interests psychoanalysis.
However, as argues [ 40 ], [ 41 ] gives more contributions to this logical reference issue. Licensee IntechOpen. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3. Help us write another book on this subject and reach those readers. Login to your personal dashboard for more detailed statistics on your publications. Edited by Robert Woolfolk.
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